Highlights of the First Meeting of the Energy Resiliency Task Force
EWG 50 Honolulu Hawaii USA
17 December 2015
- Welcome Remarks
Dr. Phyllis S. Yoshida welcomed the Co-Chairs of the Energy Resiliency Task Force (ERTF) represented by Mr. Dan T. Ton from the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, US Department of Energy and OIC Assistant Secretary Mario C. Marasigan, Senior Official on Energy from the Philippine Department of Energy. Dr. Yoshida mentioned that the creation of the Task Force was upon instructions of the Energy Ministers during the 12th APEC Energy Ministers’ Meeting held in Cebu Philippines on October 13, 2015. The work of the ERTF will be important considering that a collective response in terms of disaster preparedness and recovery assistance among the APEC Member Economies will make a difference in addressing the continuing threats brought about by climate change and natural and man-made disasters.
- ERTF Co-Chairs Presentations
- Dan T. Ton presented on various U.S. resilience initiatives, including a study on the Analysis of Climate Impacts and Electrical Infrastructure Resiliency; use of the Resilient Distribution Grid Design Tool; implementation of critical infrastructure projects such as the NJ Transit Grid and Hoboken Projects; use of various modelling tools to develop resilience metrics; and use of an energy storage methodology and evaluation tool. The US also implemented a Quadrennial Energy Review under a Presidential directive to develop federal energy policy for integrated actions over the short-, medium- and long-term; including legislative proposals for Congressional action; executive actions (policy, programs, regulatory, etc.) coordinated across multiple agencies; resource requirements for RD&D; and a strong analytical base for decision making to provide insights on industry trends and economic impacts. He also mentioned that based on a report on Climate Change and the US Energy Sector: Regional Vulnerabilities and Resilience Solutions, resilience opportunities include:
- the development and deployment of innovative climate resilient energy technologies;
- improved data and models to better inform the stakeholders of vulnerabilities and response opportunities;
- “hardening” of existing facilities and structures to better withstand impacts of future climate change and extreme weather.
- Finally, Mr. Ton noted the work by the U.S. Department of Energy on understanding and addressing challenges from the energy-water nexus, complicated by climate change impacts.
- The Philippines shared its experience in coping with the impacts of Typhoon Haiyan, including the formulation of a Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Recovery Plan (CRRP), which was crafted to provide an integrated set of short-, medium- and long-term plans and programs and other forms of intervention across the country’s most vulnerable communities. The Plan also serves to guide the recovery and rebuilding of the economy, lives and livelihood of affected communities under the guiding principle of “build back better, faster and safer”.
- Presentations by Member Economies of APEC EWG energy resiliency- related projects and activities:
- Clean Efficient Use of Energy and Water Resources – Initiating an APEC Road Map and Best Practices for the Energy-Water Resources (EWG03 2014S)
This US self-funded project is co-sponsored by China and Australia. It noted global trends and investigated energy-water nexus issues across APEC member economies. Significant findings point to the following: 90% of global power production is water intensive; by 2035, global water withdrawals for energy are expected to increase by 20% and water consumption for energy is expected to increase by 85%; and 8% of world’s energy production is used in the water sector. There are significant differences in the energy-water nexus among economies, regionally within economies and across different unit processes. The options to improve energy-water resiliency include integrated energy and water planning and application of emerging technologies that can improve interdependencies such as power plant cooling, water treatment technologies and energy capture for wastewater streams. The project deliverable was a mapping of water for energy use and the energy for water use across the APEC region and comparing measures of water stress.
- Developing Solar-Powered Emergency Shelter Solutions (SPESS) as an Energy Resilience Tool for Natural Disaster Relief in APEC Community
This APEC EWG Project particularly under the Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy is led by China and co-sponsored by Hong Kong China, Philippines, Chinese Taipei and the US. It aims to promote the use of SPESS as a quick technology solution that can be deployed easily on-site when natural disasters hit and conventional-based energy supply is disrupted. SPESS can provide displaced victims with much-needed emergency shelters as well as a reasonable amount of energy from integrated solar energy systems. Proposed to be held as a side event near EWG 51 in May 2016, the SPESS workshop will gather the rightful authorities who can present their emergency sheltering best practices, agree on an Action Plan of the APEC SPESS Open Innovation Competition and improve their knowledge on solar energy technology and emergency shelter solutions. The project’s main deliverable is a publication of recommendations on SPESS deployment for energy resilience in disaster-stricken APEC Community.
- New Zealand made a presentation on its various initiatives on resiliency to include the National Infrastructure Unit 30-Year Plan; NZ Lifelines Regional Groups and National Committee, Electricity Security and Reliability Management Council, Electricity Networks Association, the 100 Resilient Cities-Rockefeller Foundation and the New Zealand Smart Grid Forum. In particular, the first two initiatives aim to rationalize approach on infrastructure planning and management, reduce infrastructure outage risks and minimize restoration time when outages occur. The 2011 Canterbury Earthquake was a defining moment in NZ’s disaster preparedness program. Christchurch’s main urban area was destroyed incurring NZ$40 billion amount of losses. To share the lessons learned on Canterbury, the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment hosted the Build Environment Leaders Forum in 2015 with the purpose of reflecting on the built environment lessons from Canterbury, engaging the public and private sectors and achieving a more resilient built environment. On a final note, the NZ representative made a pitch on the upcoming Energy Resiliency Conference in March 2016 to be held in Wellington, NZ.
- Pacific Disaster Center (PDC) Activities
With its vision of promoting sustainable communities, safer nations and a more secure world through Disaster Risk Reduction, the Center’s Mission is to provide applied information, research and evidence-based analysis to support the development of more effective disaster risk reduction policies and practices; applications and information products supporting Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief operators and practitioners in the Asia Pacific region and beyond.
- World Energy Council Activities on Energy Resilience
The World Energy Council (WEC) made a presentation on its capabilities and scope of influence as a network of energy leaders worldwide promoting an affordable, stable and environmentally sustainable energy system for all since 1923. Information sharing, dissemination and collaboration are keys to attaining this objective. WEC conducts authoritative studies such as World Energy Trilemma and Financing Resilient Energy Infrastructure, boasts of global network of energy experts and hosts national and regional energy events to present their studies and discuss emerging global energy issues and concerns. The WEC representative also announced the upcoming 23rd World Energy Congress to be held on 10 to 13 October 2016 in Istanbul Turkey.
Another presentation from WEC was on Financing Resilient Energy Infrastructure. Resilience for energy infrastructure refers to its robustness and ability to recover operations to minimize interruptions to service. It also implies the ability to withstand extraordinary events, secure the safety of equipment and people service and ensure the reliability of the energy system as a whole. Given the huge capital investment required, financing resilient energy infrastructure comes at a great cost to stakeholders: it should be a joint collaborative effort between the government and the private sector; there are extreme weather conditions that pose risks; set clear standards for new build; and overcome the information deficit and risk assessment modeling challenges.
- Presentation from the International Copper Alliance
A representative from the International Copper Alliance (ICA) showcased the importance of copper to sustainable energy. Copper is the most efficient thermal and electrical conductor and with increasing requirements for energy efficiency and renewable energy systems, this would imply increasing use of copper. The ICA also discussed its various cooperation programs with ASEAN and the APEC.
- Next steps and action required
- Drafting of the ERTF Terms of Reference and Implementation Plan by the Co-Chairs with a working draft to be circulated through the APEC and EWG Secretariats
- Nomination of Focal Persons for the ERTF
- Invitations to Collaborating agencies/organizations in ERTF activities
- Next ERTF Meeting is set in Australia on the margins of EWG 51 in May 2016
- Inaugural activity for ERTF is the PH project on the conduct of a Workshop on Improving Energy Resiliency in Off-grid Areas
- Comprehensive scheduling of energy-resiliency related events and initiatives such as the Energy Resiliency Conference in Wellington, New Zealand on March 16 to 17
- Stocktaking of energy resiliency initiatives in the APEC member Economies including the best practices and lessons learned
- Reference to the Cebu Declaration and the corresponding Instructions to EWG as to the scoping of work that can be covered by ERTF. In view of the wide range of issues, the members agreed that the initial focus will be on energy resilient infrastructure
- Other Matters and Adjournment of Meeting:
With no other matters to be discussed, the Co-Chairs thanked the EWG member economies, as well as the resource experts for their active participation in the 1st Meeting of the ERTF.
The Meeting was adjourned.