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San Borja, Lima, Peru

The town of San Borja strives to create a model environment that guarantees the safety, health, and quality of life for its community. Overall San Borja aims to improve quality of life by assuring the existence of healthy ecosystems, viable and functional in the long term, and the sustainable development of community through prevention, protection and restoration of the environment and its components, the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in a way that is responsible and consistent with respect for fundamental rights of the person. The Low Carbon Town approach will provide the planning framework and metrics for doing so.


  1. Achieve conservation and sustainable use of the town's natural heritage, with eco efficiency, equity and social welfare, with emphasis on integrated management of natural resources and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions with emphasis in the CO2
  2. Ensure adequate environmental quality health and integral development of people, recovering degraded environments, and promoting integrated management of environmental risks.
  3. Strengthening environmental governance and the National Environmental Management System at the local level, under the guidance of the Ministry of Environment.
  4. To achieve a high degree of awareness and environmental culture in the town, with informed citizens aware of the decision-making processes necessary for sustainable development
  5. Achieve eco-efficient and competitive development in both the public and private sectors, thereby promoting both local economic and environmental interests

Environmental Action Plan Goals by 2021

  • CO2 emissions reduction by 30% over 2000, through improvements in energy efficiency, promotion of clean energy, green building, and intelligent transport systems
  • 50% of the district's green areas irrigated with treated domestic sewage ('grey water')
  • 100% recyclable solid wastes are reused, and 100% non-reusable wastes are treated and disposed properly.
  • 20% reduction in hazardous waste generation in relation to 2011
  • Ensuring compliance with the National Air Quality Standards through forestation programs and source emission reduction.



Recommendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 1: Promote the residents of San Borja’s and the citizens of Lima Province’s awareness of the LCMT.

Rec. 2: Use the San Borja LCMT Project as a case study of Peru’s firm commitment to low carbon APEC activities.

Rec. 3: Prioritise the recommendations in this report by cost effectiveness, leadership, community support, impact and emissions reduction.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years★★

Rec. 4: . Retrofit the Municipality Building into a low carbon building for both educational and awareness-raising purposes.

Rec. 5: All levels of government should carry out an integral evaluation of the transformational opportunities, considering the shift in community attitudes and paradigm alongside the greenhouse and cost considerations


Recommendations for immediate action ★★★

Rec. 6: Revise the San Borja Low Carbon Plan (LCP) 2021 as the Feasibility Study suggests possible further reductions of GHG.

Rec. 7: Set an aspirational target in the ‘Low Carbon Plan (LCP) 2021’ that goes beyond the existing (and/or revised) target.

Rec. 8: Maintain strong leadership in sustainability and efficient institutions in order to realise LCP 2021.

Rec. 9: Establish a ‘LCT-Community Planning Council’ as soon as possible.


Reco​mmendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 10: Develop a strategic design guide, through community consultation, that spells out the expectations for a better-designed and sustainable environment.

Rec. 11: Develop an apartment/multifamily housing design guide with the aim of promoting good design of apartment/multifamily housing.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years★★

Rec. 12: Increase street tree planting in the horizontal space between the building edge and the street through developing street tree strategy, guidance and regulations.

Rec. 13: Support good quality apartment and street design low carbon town initiatives with Mayoral Awards.

Recommendations for action in the longer term★

Rec. 14: Develop a set of Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED) guidelines to help reduce crime and the fear of crime.


Recommendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 15: Coordinate with relevant Peruvian and Regional Agencies regarding the promotion of low carbon buildings.

Rec. 16: Establish a San Borja Green Building Task Force under the ‘LCT-Community Planning Council’.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years ★★

Rec. 17: Develop a San Borja-centric sourcebook for green buildings suited to Lima’s climate conditions.

Rec. 18: Establish a Comprehensive Capability Program. Recommendations for action in the longer term ★

Rec. 19: Work with the Ministry of Housing, Construction and Sanitation to establish a Mandatory Building Code for Lima.

Rec. 20: Develop or adopt a voluntary green building rating certification system. Rec. 21: Establish a Comprehensive Incentives Scheme.


Recommendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 22: Establish an Energy Master Plan that adopts Low Carbon Measures (LCMs), including developing and deploying renewable energy sources and Community Energy Management System (CEMS).

Rec. 23: Improve data and information collection in the energy sector and developing governance structure for energy management in the Municipality.

Rec. 24: Plan effective financial measures.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years★★

Rec. 25: Introduce and implement Demand Response (DR) Programs with an incentive system in cooperation with electric power companies.

Rec. 26: Introduce the concept of Energy Service Company (ESCO) to implement DR Programs effectively.

Recommendations for action in the longer term ★

Rec. 27: Review electricity pricing system to distribute economic resources efficiently at the central government level.

Rec. 28: Consider micro-grid as a long-term low carbon measure.


Recommendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 29: Create an Energy Efficiency (EE) agency responsible for the energy efficiency program.

Rec. 30: Create an Office of Utilities responsible for the water, electricity and gas sectors and coordinate their work with the EE agency.

Rec. 31: Develop and implement a San Borja Master Plan for Energy Efficiency.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years★★

Rec. 32: Require all businesses and organisations in San Borja to create their own energy efficiency program with annual targets, which is reported to the agency.

Rec. 33: Support ESCO companies to create an economic environment for utilities to provide energy efficiency services to the people and businesses.

Rec. 34: Ensure appropriate amendments to the municipal management law and amendments to the Budget Code allowing private ESCO companies to enter into long-term contracts for the provision of energy services.

Recommendations for action in the longer term★

Rec. 35: Establish a funding mechanism to support EE programs and initiatives.

Rec. 36: Create a scheme of municipal guarantees for private sector applying for the commercial loans to support energy efficiency projects and encourage collaboration across industries for pulling projects together.

Rec. 37: Create a scheme of competition for local subsidies.

Rec. 38: Create incentives for commercial companies to develop in-house or industrial continuous professional development (CPD) training programs on EE and RES development for the employees.

Rec. 39: Create municipal education programs for residents to encourage responsible energy consumption; incorporate energy efficiency subjects in education materials in primary, secondary schools and higher education. Rec.

40: Create rebates and incentives for residents to install solar and utilise efficient equipment


Recommendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 41: Consider providing a Municipality operated ‘ring-road’ bus every 10-15 minutes in both directions.

Rec. 42: Give support to the users of privately owned bicycles, while maintaining the ‘San Borja en bici’ program.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years★★

Rec. 43: Improve residents’ understandings and awareness of low-carbon mobility systems through educational programs and road signs.

Recommendations for action in the longer term★

Rec. 44: Assess how mobility can best be provided to residents in the future given that new low-carbon transport technologies are developing fast, such as the use of IT to plan journeys, and the advent of electric vehicles.


Recommendations for immediate action★★★

Rec. 45: Reduce water usage and increase the diversity of uses within the park network.

Rec. 46: Make sustainability easy.

Recommendations for action in the next 2-3 years★★

Rec. 47: a) The government needs to expand the waste recycling program and b) introduce a system of solid recyclable waste separation by households. This program should be a part of the San Borja EE and renewable energy generation program.

Rec. 48: Introduce a municipal legislation aimed at substantially reducing landfill

Recommendations for action in the longer term★

Rec. 49: Create incentives for the private sector to take on the responsibility of waste segregation waste repurposing and waste-to-energy processing.

Rec. 50: Create rebates and incentives for the businesses to launch public private partnership projects in the field of renewable energy sources generation.

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